Different types of conveyors are used in various industries. The common conveyor types include belts conveyor, rollers conveyor and chains conveyor.

They all have their own characteristics. The following will take you to understand the advantages, disadvantages and applications of these three types of conveyors.

Understand what is a conveying system?

Conveying system is to move materials from one place to another. Different types of conveyor systems are constructed from a frame that supports belts, chains or rollers.

The conveyor can select the appropriate type according to the characteristics of the transported materials, such as chain, belt and roller. In addition, the transportation direction, load, product size and other factors need to be considered.

What is Chain Conveyor?

Chain conveyor is a conveyor that uses chain to pull materials, and can form a production line with various functions with other conveyors.

Chain conveyor can be divided into chain conveyor, chain plate conveyor and chain net conveyor. It is widely used in food, beverage, packaging and other industries.

Advantages of chain conveyor:

Large load: chain conveyor has large conveying capacity and high efficiency

Long service life: Alloy steel conveyor chain is adopted

Safer: fully sealed cabinet transportation, reduced dust pollution. Simple and safe operation.

Low cost, low energy consumption: with the help of internal friction of materials, materials can move, saving energy and durable.

Easy installation and maintenance: simple structure, requiring a small amount of maintenance

Disadvantage of chain conveyor:

The chain conveyor has a small gap, which is easy to enter dirt. So it is not suitable for the application of fresh food. The same is not applicable to the transportation of fragile products.

Heavy weight, easy wear of chain

What is unpowered roller conveyor?

The roller conveyor can transport a single piece of material with a large weight. The roller lines are easy to connect, and multiple roller lines can be used to form a complex conveying system with other conveyors.

The unpowered roller conveyor uses the gravity of the material itself to transport. Depending on the layout, they can also be curved or straight. It is mainly composed of drive roller, frame and drive device, which is more suitable for transporting materials with flat bottom.

Advantages of roller conveyor:

Flexible wiring: it can be designed as straight line, turn and tilt according to the transmission line

Simple structure: the roller conveyor is designed without power, with minimum surface friction, which can achieve higher effective load and higher point load capacity

Easy connection: the roller lines are easy to connect and transition, and multiple roller lines and other conveying equipment or special machines can be used to form a complex logistics conveying system to meet various process needs

Disadvantages of roller conveyor:

The unpowered roller conveyor cannot control its conveying speed. During transportation, the product will be damaged when it moves under its own gravity. Attention should be paid to the movement of the product.

What is Belt conveyor

Belt conveyor is a machine that transports materials in a continuous manner. It forms a conveying process from the feeding point to the unloading point. And belt conveyor can transport both bulk materials and articles.

The belt of the belt conveyor can be made of different materials according to the characteristics of materials, including plastic, rubber, metal, etc.

Advantage of belt conveyor:

Belt conveyor is the most common type.

Simple structure: high reliability and easy maintenance

High efficiency: it can be transported for a long distance with large transport volume

Multi point receiving and multi-point unloading

Low power consumption: there is almost no relative movement between materials and conveyor belt, with low resistance and high productivity

Disadvantage of belt conveyor:

The belt of the belt conveyor is difficult to clean.

Conveyor belt is easy to wear: if conveying sticky materials, they will often get stuck on the belt.

Non environmental protection: transportation is not sealed, and light materials are easy to fly.

Comparison between chain conveyor and belt conveyor

Chain conveyor is an integrated design, consisting of a series of interlocking chains. It is more durable than belt conveyor.

If a section of the chain conveyor is damaged, it is easy to repair. If the belt conveyor is damaged, the whole belt will be damaged.

Comparison between chain conveyor and roller conveyor

Roller conveyor is easy to install and handle. It is also the most durable conveyor type.

Roller conveying and easy lubrication, especially when using automatic lubrication module.

The above is the introduction and comparison of the three types of conveyors, hoping to be helpful in selecting conveyors.

For more information about the conveyor system, please contact NAR.

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