What you need to know about belt conveyor equipment?

what is a belt conveyor equipment? Characteristics of belt conveyor system Specifications of belt conveyor line Type of belt conveyor system different types of belt material choices Common problems and causes of conveyor belt equipment

With the development of industry, belt conveyor equipment is widely used in many industries, and its technology has been significantly improved. Although today is an information age, conveyor equipment is still an indispensable part in manufacturing industry. So what do you know about belt conveyor?

If you want to know more about belt conveyor system, please read on.

what is a belt conveyor equipment

Belt conveyor equipment is a continuous conveying equipment that takes the conveyor belt as the bearing of materials and circularly transports materials from one end to the other. Belt conveyor is the most common and simplest material processing system. It is mainly composed of motor, reducer, brake, conveyor belt, tensioning device, material guide, frame, belt cleaner, support system, unloader and detection protection device.

The belt conveyor system can transport various bulk materials, various packaging products and various cartons. Different materials can be selected according to the characteristics of the transported goods, such as rubber, silica gel, PVC, PU, etc. It is widely used in grain, feed, chemical fertilizer, mining, port and other industries.

Characteristics of belt conveyor system

  • Low cost, low maintenance cost, large conveying capacity and high production efficiency
  • There is almost no relative movement between the material and the conveyor belt, and the power consumption is low to reduce the damage of the conveyor.
  • The conveying line has strong adaptability, and the length of the line can be customized according to needs. It can be transported by a single unit, or multiple units can be combined into a horizontal or inclined transportation system to transport materials.
  • Flexible loading and unloading, receiving materials from one or more points, or unloading materials to multiple points or several sections. According to the introduction of the above belt conveyor types, the appropriate conveyor can be selected according to the characteristics of the transported materials.

Specifications of belt conveyor line

The specifications of belt conveyor line mainly include the following specifications, but the corresponding products can be designed according to the actual site of customers.

Conveyor typeFlat belt conveyor
Belt width600mm800mm1000mm

Type of belt conveyor system

  • Universal fixed belt conveyor: it is fixed on the base plate and inconvenient to move or erect. It is suitable for short-distance linear transmission and is the most commonly used model.
  • Light fixed belt conveyor: the conveyor belt is relatively thin, the load is relatively light, and the conveying distance shall not exceed 100m.
  • Reversible belt conveyor: it can transport materials in the forward or reverse direction.
  • Plane belt conveyor: a common type of conveyor, which is suitable for transporting lighter objects.
  • Slope belt conveyor: it is applicable to the rise or fall of transported materials, but the inclination angle is limited, and the slope angle generally does not exceed 18 °.
  • Retractable belt conveyor: the length of the conveyor can be adjusted according to the change of working position. It has good flexibility. It is the most efficient and commonly used model in the conveyor.

different types of belt material choices

  • General purpose belting material
  • Rough top belt – for extra grip on inclines, declines and products that might slide
  • Higher chemical resistance – for best protection from chemicals
  • Cut resistant conveyor belt material – for rough or sharp items like sheet metal or bricks. The extreme heavy duty belts are very strong

  • High temperature conveyor belt. For parts coming out of hot presses, we have belt materials available. In some cases, belt conveyors can run through lower temperature ovens.

Common problems and causes of conveyor belt equipment

  • Belt deviation: there is a problem at the joint of the belt conveyor, and the head and center are not in the same straight line; The idler axis is not perpendicular to the center line of the conveyor belt; The material is not in the center of the belt conveyor.
  • Abnormal sound of belt conveyor: the bearing is damaged; The idler deviates seriously from the center line.
  • Material spreading problem: belt deviation; The transported materials are not in the center of the belt conveyor; Belt conveyor severely overloaded.
  • Belt slip: excessive load and insufficient belt tension; Contact with water reduces friction.
  • Belt breakage: caused by wear and tear after long-term use; Improper maintenance of belt material; Belt deviation;Excessive belt tension; Poor quality of joint buckle.

Belt conveyor system can increase the output in a short time. This paper introduces the relevant types of belt conveyor, common problems and reasons, hoping to be helpful to you in choosing belt conveyor.

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